Sirmaur is the South-Eastern district of Himachal Pradesh. This district at the lower end of the district. Haryana, Punjab, and Uttarakhand covers the boundary of district Sirmaur. Sirmaur is a developing district with a total area of 2,825 km2 ( 1,091 sq mi ) and a growth rate of +15.61. Total Population of Sirmaur is 530164 and contribute 7.73% to the population of Himachal Pradesh.
District Sirmaur is a well-known district of Himachal Pradesh. The headquarters of the district is at Nahan. District is divided into six Tehsils: Nahan, Paonta Sahib, Renuka, Shillai, Rajgarh, and Pacchad. District has nearly 5,30,164 total population and Population density is 160/km2 ( 420/sq mi ). In the district, no of males are nearly 2,76,801 and females are nearly 2,53,363. The sex ratio of Sirmaur is 915 and literacy rate is 79.98%. The 90% population of district lives in villages so this is largely rural district. The commonly used languages are Sirmauri Pahari, Hindi, Punjabi, and English.
History of Sirmaur is not too wide like other districts of Himachal Pradesh. Sirmaur became independent in about 1090 by Raja Rasaloo. Name Sirmaur was given on the name of one of his ancestors who also named Sirmaur. There are many stories from the past and no definite past is described.\r\n\r\nAt Paonta Sahib tenth guru of Sikhs, Guru Govind Sikh Ji stayed for few years. Due to this, the famous gurudwara is built over here. It’s a holy and religious place for Sikhs.
This district is situated at 30°38”North to 77°26”East or 30.64°North to 77.44°East. Sirmaur covers an area of 2,825 km2. It constitutes 5.07 km2 of that of Himachal Pradesh. The district is surrounded by some states like Haryana, Uttarakhand, and Punjab. The Giri river divides the district into two equals parts i.e. Giripar and Giriwar. The Giri river divides the district into two equals parts i.e. Giripar and Giriwar.
The climate in district varies from place to place. The plain areas of the district have a normal temperature like other states but receives heavy rainfall. While moving from plains to hilly areas climatic conditions changes. In upper areas temp is quite low in winters due to Choordhar and Haripurdhar ranges and in summers, these areas are widely in fog.District receives heavy rainfall due to this schools and colleges are off in July month than in June. While in other states of North India.
District Kinnaur receives heavy rainfall due to this schools and colleges are off in July month and not in June. While in other states of North India has summer vacations in June.\r\n\r\n
The economy of district depends on agriculture, tourism, pharmaceuticals, and limestone. The Kamrau and Shillai village have the largest market in South Asia and majorly earns it economy from limestone. In terms of agriculture potato, apple, peach are majorly cultivated in the district. The High-quality Peaches are being produced here. Paonta Sahib is the major place for many pharmaceuticals companies like Ranbaxy, Mankind, Cipla and other.
PLACES OF INTEREST
- Jagannath Temple
- Shivalik Fossil park
- Trilokpur Temple
- Paonta Sahib
- Renuka Lake
- Choor Dhar
Renuka Fair is held at Renuka Lake of district Sirmaur. The fair is held in the month of November on the eleventh day from the Diwali. It is believed that during the time of fair Parshuram comes to meet his mother Renuka, who was cursed by her husband Rishi Jamdagni. Lake is in the shape of the Mata Renuka and this fair lasts for nearly fifteen days. Paonta Sahib Holi Fair is also the famous fair which is held in Paonta Sahib’s Gurudwara on the occasion of Holi. On this occasion, the holy book, Guru Granth Sahib Ji is taken out for grand procession. The flag is changed i.e. Nishan Sahib on this occasion. This is an annual fair of the place and an attraction for many people, especially Sikhs.