Kangra

Kangra is one of the most popular districts of Himachal Pradesh. It shares its border with Punjab at different sites. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of Kangra. Total Population of Kangra is 1,510,075 and Population density is 263/km2(680/sq mi). It covers a total area of about 5,739 kmkm2 (2,216sq mi).

General Information

Kangra has 9 Sub-Divisions namely: Palampur, Jawali, Kangra, Dharamshala, Dehra, Nurpur, Gopipur, Baijnath and Jaisinghpur. Further this district is divided into no of Tehsils: Nurpur, Nagrota, Indora, Jawali, Kangra, Palampur, Badoh, Kasba Kotla, Jaswan, Dehra Gopipur, Khundiyan, Jaisinghpur, Baijnath, Fatehpur, Dharamshala, and Shahpur. Harchakkian, Dhira, Rakkad, Thural, Nagrota Sorian, Kotla, Gangath and Multan. Time zone for Kangra is IST (UTC+5:30). General Pin code of Kangra is 176xxx and telephone number is 91 1892xxxxxx. Commonly used languages are Hindi, English, Punjabi and Kangri (local language ).

History

Kangra is well known for its historical past. Kangra became a district in 1846 and included Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahaul-Spiti. Kangra was firstly part of Punjab but after Independence Kangra became a part of Himachal Pradesh in 1966. Till 1971 Hamirpur was a part of Kangra but in 1972, it was separated from Kangra. Many historical monuments still describe the history of Kangra. Pragpur, the namely village is the most important historical area of Kangra. Before 1905 earthquake Kangra was ruled by Royal family of Kangra in Kangra fort but after the 1905 everything got damaged.

Geography

Kangra is situated in the western Himalayas between 31 ° 2 to 32 ° 5 North and 75 ° to 77 ° 45 East. The total population of Kangra is 5,739 km with the population density of 263/ km ( 680 / sq mi ). This population covers 22.50 percent population of the state. Altitude ranges from 427 to 6401m above sea level. The

The district is surrounded by some places of Punjab and some other districts of Himachal Pradesh. Due to considerable diversity in its soil, agriculture and cropping, the district is divided into no of sub-regions: Panjal, Dhauladhar, Kangra Shiwalik, Kangra Valley and Beas Basin. Many rivers run through the district: Beas, Yamuna, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab etc.

Climate

The climatic condition of Kangra varies from place to place due to a different range of altitudes. Hilly areas of the Kangra has a mean annual temperature from 13 to 20°C and rainfall from 1800 to 3000 mm. Places like Indora block lies in a semi-humid region have annual mean temp nearly 24°C and precipitation of approximately 1000mm. Nurpur and Dehragopipur lies in the humid region, have annual mean temp from 2° to 24°C and rainfall from 900 to 2350mm. Dharamshala lies in a wet region so temp lies from 15 to 19°C and rainfall of about 2500mm. November to March temp falls to 0° and in negative also in some regions and wind causes winter rainfall. In summers temp generally lies between 25 to 38°C i.e. from April to June. Average summer temperature is 32°C ( 90°F) and average winter temperature is 20°C (68°F).

Economy

Agriculture and farming are main sources of economy for the district. Tourism also plays an important role in increasing the economy of the state. Tea cultivation is very popular over the district and commonly famous as “Kangra Tea”. This tea is internationally famous due to its taste, aroma and color. Some industries had also been set up here. Tourism also contributes to the economy of the state. Popular places for tourism are Dharamshala, Kangra and Bir, which is a famaous place of ecotourism and aerosports.

Culture

People of different religions belongs to this district in which Hindus are predominant and other are Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Jains. The most common community of the district is Rajputs that are followed by Katoch, Pathania, Dogra, Jastoria, Jaswal, Jamwal, Katwal, Guleria, Mian, Thakur, Rana, Rathi and some other also. Kangri, Punjabi, Hindi, and English are the commonly used languages. Jhamakada is the popular and traditional dance performed in the district. Cooking and dishes of local people are quite traditional.

Places of Interest

  • Kangra Fort
  • Chintpurni Temple
  • Jawalaji Temple
  • Chaumukha Temple
  • Dharamshala
  • Mecleodganj
  • Bhagsunath
  • Dal Lake
  • Triund
  • Kangra Valley
  • Masroor Rock Cut Temple
  • Bajreshwari Temple
  • Tea Gardens
  • Gopalpur Zoo
  • Pong Dam
  • Bhaijnath Shiv Mandir
  • Ransar Island
  • Nurpur Fort
  • Tarangarh Palace
  • Trilokpur
  • Chinmaya Tapovama
  • Kathgarh
  • Maharana Pratap Lake

FAMOUS FAIRS

Kangra is a traditional place so many fairs are held here at different festivals and in most of these wrestling matches take place. These matches attract the people and commonly known as chhinj. Chhinj of Kangra takes place during March near Dharamshala. Sair Fair is celebrated on the first day of Asuj in Kangra. Tika Fair is held in Kohri is a famous fair of Tika Kohri , Tehsil Nurpur. This fair is held on four saturday’s of Sawan month. Some other fairs like a fair of sitla , bhikhe shah fair at Kangra, Asapuri Fair and Fair at Dehra tehsil are also celebrated occasions. These fairs enhance the cultural and traditional values of the district Kangra and make it unique.