Shimla, the capital district of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla is also known as “The Queen of Hills”. This district covers an area of nearly 5,131 km sq (1,981sq mi). The total population of the district is about 8,13,384.
District is divided into tehsils namely: Rampur, Kumarsain, Sunni, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog-Panoli, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Chirgaon and Dodra Kawar. This district is further divided into sub-tehsils namely: Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla(R), Cheta (Kupvi) Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal and Tihar Rohru. Subdivisions of Shimla are Shimla (U), Shimla(R), Theog, Chaupal, Rohru, Rampur, and Dodra Kanwar.
Rampur, Narkanda, Seoni, Kumarsain, Shimla, Theog, Chaupal , Kotkhai,Jubbal and Rohru are the towns of the district. District has nearly 2,914 villages , 363 panchayats , 2,520 inhabited and 394 uninhabited.
The time zone of Shimla is IST(UTC+5:30). Area code is 91 177******* . Hindi and Pahari are the most spoken languages of the district. ISO 3166 code is IN-HP. Pincode of the region is 171 001.
In 1804, the Gorkhas were defeated by Sikhs at Kangra battle, lost thousands of men in battle and many in diseases commenced to ravage the hills and state around Shimla. In 1808, the invaders conquered all fortified posts between Satluj and Yamuna and began their ruthless rule from their capital Arki over the nearby hill states to appeal the British for help. A British force went to liberate the hill man from Gurkhas. The Majority of hill chiefs joined British force. A battle took place near Malaon in which British overpowered enemies. After this war district was free from Gurkhas.
District lies between the longitude 77.00″ and 78.19″East and latitude 30.45″ and 31.44″North. The district covers an area of 5,131 km sq(1,981sq mi) and density of 159 persons per km sq. This district covers 9.22% population of that of Himachal Pradesh and ranks 3rd in state.
The district is surrounded by Mandi and Kullu in the North, Kinnaur in the East, district. Sirmaur in the west and the state of Uttaranchal in the South. The Elevation of Shimla ranges from 300 to 6000 metres.
Shimla generally has low temperature due to its surrounding hills. In winters, from Nov-March highest temperature is about 25.8°C, average temperature lies about 10.6°C and lowest temperature lies -8.5°C. The average precipitation of district in July- August is 340.7 mm (inches). In summers, May-September, highest recorded temperature is 32.4°C, the average temperature is 19.4°C and lowest temperature is 13.4°C.
Travel and tourism , industry, agriculture and horticulture are main sources of the economy for the district. Natural beauty and climate of the district attract tourists not only from India but abroad too. Tourism is a vast source of economy of Shimla.
Some small scale industries like jute industry, leather industry, food processing industry, wool industry and some other industries also contribute to the economy of the district.
Apple, tomato, and peaches are grown on a large scale by people for the economy. Being capital district many government offices gives the opportunity to many people and increase the economy. The large number of healthcare’s are in Shimla like Indira Gandhi Hospital, Snowden Hospital which also increases the economy of the district.
The people of Shimla are commonly known as Shimlaites. Shimla is also famous for its culture, architecture, paintings , regional places and old buildings. Many temples, gurudwaras, and churches are built over here.
Springs and hot springs of the district attracts many people. Lakkar Bazaar, the market with all items made of wood is very popular here. People from different states and countries visit here.
PLACES OF INTEREST
- Jakhu Temple
- Tara Devi
- Kali Bari
- Christ Church and St. Michael Cathedral
- The Ridge
- Summer Hill
- Elysiuk Hill
- Viceregal Lodge and Botanical Gardens
- Prospect Hill
- Potter Hill
- Chadwick Fall
- Annade and Glen Picnic Spot
- Wild Flower Hall