Bilaspur is one of the district of Himachal Pradesh. Headquarters of the district is at Bilaspur only. The total population of the district is 3,82,056 and total area covered by the district is 1,167 km sq. It is the third least populated district of Himachal Pradesh. Govind Sagar Lake is the manmade lake on Sutlej river.
Bilaspur is one of the least populated district of Himachal Pradesh after Lahaul Spiti and Kinnaur. District consists of seven ranges, Naina Devi, Tiun, Bhadarpur, Jhanjiar, Bandla and Ratanpura . This district is divided into three tehsils, Bilaspur Sadar, Jhandutta and Ghumarwin. Naina Devi is sub-tehsil of Bilaspur Sadar , created in 1980 January. Jhandutta was created from Ghumarwin in 1998 January. Hindi, Punjabi and Bilaspuri (Kahluri) are often spoken languages in the district. Time zone is IST (UTC+5:30). PIN for Bilaspur is 174001 and telephone code is 01978. Vehicle registration numbers are HP 23, 24 and 69.
Govind Sagar Lake acts as a reservoir for Nangal and Bhakra Dam project. The road bridge at Kandraur at this lake is second highest bridge of Asia.
Raja Bir Chand was the founder of Bilaspur in 900 A.D. Goddess Naina Devi Temple is also built by Raja Bir Chand. Raja Kharak Chand ruled from 1824- 1839 A.D. and this period nwas marked as darkest page for Bilaspur. Golden age for Bilaspur was from 1857-1882 A.D. , this time period was ruled by Raja Hira Chand. Raja Bijai Chand built a Rang Mahal in Bilaspur. Bilaspur was made a Part ‘ C ‘ state on 9 October 1948 anf Raja Anand Chandwas wad the first chief governor of this state. On 1 July in 1954, Bilaspur was made one of the district of Himachal Pradesh.
Bilaspur district is situated in Shivalik range of lower Himalayas. District lies between 31○12’30” and 31○35’45” North Latitude and 76○23’45” and 76○56’40” East Longitude. Total population of the district is 3,82,056 and population density is 330/ km sq ( 850/ sq mi), which is nearly equal to that of Maldives. Total area covered by the district is 1, 167 km sq (451 sq mi) and elevated at 673 m (2, 208 ft ).
Bilaspur district is surrounded by Punjab on west and south. This district lies at the foot of Bandla Hills. There are three valleys The Sutlej Valley, The Danwin Valley and The Chaunto Valley. Sutlej river enters from Kasol hamlet and leaves to village Naila.
It is usually hot in summers and cold in winters along with fog as it is situated in lower altitude valley with surrounding mountains. At winters weather is very cool and pleasant. May to June are the hottest months when temperature rises to 37-38 degree and sometimes it croses 40 degree also still nights are cooler than the other Northern region in plains of India.
July to September heavy rainfall is observed i.e. good Monsoon is seen. October to November is best place to visit as weather is pleasant and Lake is filled. Average annual rainfall bis 1373mm. There are two different types of springs in Bilaspur: Swarghat (Luhnd Spring) and Bassi Spring.
Agriculture is one of the source of economy for the district. Wide range of crops are grown here. Secondary and largest source of economy is industries. Most of the economic development is due to increase in industries and conversion into industrial area. Total cultivators bare 127169, household industries are 2561, agriculture labourer is 4318 , marginal workers are 102465 and other workers are 72003.
Hindu, Muslim and Sikhs are the main religions who are residents of the district. Kahluri or Bilaspuri , Punjabi and Hindi are most often spoken languages in the region. Maize, rice and wheat are the traditional foods. Due to border with Haryana and Punjab little change of culture is observed here. Some trends of these areas are also followed by people of this region.
Places of Interest
- Bahadurpur Fort
- Bhakra Dam
- Kahlur Fort
- Bachhretu Fort
- Thakurdwara of Sunhani
- Thakurdwara of Auhar
- Gobind Sagar Lake
- Naina Devi Temple
- Sariun Fort
- Tiun Fort
- Kandrour Bridge
- Deorani- jeth
- Khadia Dam
- Deoli Fish Farm
Fair and festivals represent culture, heritage and people of the region. In this district different fairs and festivals are celebrated over the year. Nalwari fair (Cattle fair) , in this fair people from different regions of Punjab, Nalagarh and other neighbouring citiea bring their cattles with most decorative and beautify way. This fair is held for 5 days in March or April. Wresting, gymnastics, culture, tradition are main source of attraction for visitors.
Navratri fair (Naina Devi Temple), this is one of the most popular holy place and one of the 51 shakti peeth where parts of Sati fall. Huge number of visitors and Pilgrims are seen at navratri time. This fair is held at Ashwin navratri, Chetra and Shravan.