Himachal Pradesh is a North Indian state in Himalayas, surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand and by Tibet autonomous region. Himachal means covered with the Himalayas. Its well known for its climbing, skiing and trekking, scenic mountain towns and resorts like Dalhousie. Himachal Pradesh is host to Dalai Lama and has a strong Tibetan presence, reflected in its monasteries and Buddhist temples, cuisine heavy on dumplings and noodles, and energetic Tibetan New Year celebrations.

Himachal was established on 25 January 1971. Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and the largest city too. It covers an area of about 55,673 km2(21,495sq mi). In terms of area, Himachal Pradesh ranks at 18th position. The elevation of Himachal Pradesh is nearly 2,319 m (7,608ft). Its total population is 6,856,509 and scores 20th rank with a density of 123/km2 (320/sq mi).

Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts namely Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Solan, Shimla, Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti, Sirmaur, Mandi, and Una. Further, it is divided into 55 Sub-Divisions, 83 Tehsils, 35 Sub-Tehsils, 59 towns and 77 developmental blocks. It consists of 3,243 Panchayats, 77 Panchayat samities, 12 Zila Parishad, 49 urban local bodies, 2 Nagar Nigams, 25 Nagar Parishads, 23 Nagar Panchayats and 38,185 villages.

Total Population of Himachal Pradesh is 6,864,602 in which 3,481,873 are males and 3,382,729 are females. Sex ratio is 972 and Population density is 123. The sex ratio of Himachal Pradesh is much better than other states. It comprises of 6,176,050 is rural population and 688,552 Urban population. The literacy rate is also much higher than other states i.e. 83.78 per cent in which male literacy rate is 90.83 percent and female literacy rate is 76.60 percent.

Himachal Pradesh is an interesting, adventurous, peaceful, beautiful and attractive places. Lots of activities can be done here like trekking, horse riding, skiing, and climbing. Widely it is popular for tourism, culture, agriculture, food, hydroelectricity and monasteries. Due to its attractive and peaceful environment, it is most visited places from different places or countries. November to February is the peak time for tourism due to climatic conditions. In many places temperature usually goes negative and snowfall becomes the reason of attraction for tourists.

Tourism, hydroelectricity, and agriculture are main sources of economy. Rivers are very important part of Himachal Pradesh. There are many rivers that flow in Himachal Pradesh like Yamuna, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab etc. Another major region of Himachal Pradesh is covered with mountains and forests.

You can also check out the state profile of Himachal Pradesh

Area 55673 km2
Total population 6,864,602
Males 3,481,873
Females 3,382,729
Population density 123
Sex ratio 972
Rural population 6,176,050
Urban population 688,552
Scheduled Caste population 1,729,252
Scheduled Tribe population 392,126
Literacy rate 83.78%
Male literacy 90.83%
Female literacy 76.60%
Districts 12
Sub-divisions 55
Tehsils 82
Sub-tehsils 35
Developmental blocks 77
Towns 59
Panchayats 3,243
Panchayat smities 77
Zila parishad 12
Urban local bodies 49
Nagar nigams 2
Nagar parishads 25
Nagar panchayats 23
Census villages 20,690
Inhabited villages 17,495
Health institutions 3,866
Educational institutions 17,000
Motorable roads 33,722 km2
National highways 8
Identified hydroelectric potential 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Potential harnessed 9,000 MW (approximate)
Food grain production 1579,000 tonnes
Vegetable production 900,000 tonnes
Fruit production 1,027,000 tonnes
Per capita income 104,943 (2014–15 expected)
Social Security pensions 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over 600 million
Investment in industrial areas 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391
Employment generated in government sector 80,000