Himachal Pradesh is a North Indian state in Himalayas, surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand and by Tibet autonomous region. Himachal means covered with the Himalayas. Its well known for its climbing, skiing and trekking, scenic mountain towns and resorts like Dalhousie. Himachal Pradesh is host to Dalai Lama and has a strong Tibetan presence, reflected in its monasteries and Buddhist temples, cuisine heavy on dumplings and noodles, and energetic Tibetan New Year celebrations.
Himachal was established on 25 January 1971. Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and the largest city too. It covers an area of about 55,673 km2(21,495sq mi). In terms of area, Himachal Pradesh ranks at 18th position. The elevation of Himachal Pradesh is nearly 2,319 m (7,608ft). Its total population is 6,856,509 and scores 20th rank with a density of 123/km2 (320/sq mi).
Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts namely Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Solan, Shimla, Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti, Sirmaur, Mandi, and Una. Further, it is divided into 55 Sub-Divisions, 83 Tehsils, 35 Sub-Tehsils, 59 towns and 77 developmental blocks. It consists of 3,243 Panchayats, 77 Panchayat samities, 12 Zila Parishad, 49 urban local bodies, 2 Nagar Nigams, 25 Nagar Parishads, 23 Nagar Panchayats and 38,185 villages.
Total Population of Himachal Pradesh is 6,864,602 in which 3,481,873 are males and 3,382,729 are females. Sex ratio is 972 and Population density is 123. The sex ratio of Himachal Pradesh is much better than other states. It comprises of 6,176,050 is rural population and 688,552 Urban population. The literacy rate is also much higher than other states i.e. 83.78 per cent in which male literacy rate is 90.83 percent and female literacy rate is 76.60 percent.
Himachal Pradesh is an interesting, adventurous, peaceful, beautiful and attractive places. Lots of activities can be done here like trekking, horse riding, skiing, and climbing. Widely it is popular for tourism, culture, agriculture, food, hydroelectricity and monasteries. Due to its attractive and peaceful environment, it is most visited places from different places or countries. November to February is the peak time for tourism due to climatic conditions. In many places temperature usually goes negative and snowfall becomes the reason of attraction for tourists.
Tourism, hydroelectricity, and agriculture are main sources of economy. Rivers are very important part of Himachal Pradesh. There are many rivers that flow in Himachal Pradesh like Yamuna, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab etc. Another major region of Himachal Pradesh is covered with mountains and forests.
You can also check out the state profile of Himachal Pradesh
|Scheduled Caste population||1,729,252|
|Scheduled Tribe population||392,126|
|Urban local bodies||49|
|Motorable roads||33,722 km2|
|Identified hydroelectric potential||23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)|
|Potential harnessed||9,000 MW (approximate)|
|Food grain production||1579,000 tonnes|
|Vegetable production||900,000 tonnes|
|Fruit production||1,027,000 tonnes|
|Per capita income||104,943 (2014–15 expected)|
|Social Security pensions||237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over ₹ 600 million|
|Investment in industrial areas||₹ 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391|
|Employment generated in government sector||80,000|